{io.i\oizc NcnXw

i\o-iz-csâ P\\w
kqcytZh³ hnhm-l-{]m-b-sa-¯n-b-t¸mÄ hniz-IÀ½mhv Xsâ ]p{Xn kwÚsb hnhmlw Ign-¸n¨p \ÂIn. Imem-´-c-¯n a\p, ba³, bap\ F¶o aq¶p Ip«n-Ifpw P\n-¨p. Gsd-¡mew kqcy-tZ-hsâ XojvW-amb NqSv kln-¡m\pÅ iàn kwÚbv¡v CÃm-bn-cp-¶p, AXn-\m kwÚ Xsâ am{´n-I-amb Ign-hp-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn¨v Xsâ {]Xn-Omb krjvSn¨v Ombm F¶v \ma-I-cWw sNbvXv kqcy-`-K-hms\ tkhn-¡m-\mbn \nb-an-¨p. XpSÀ¶v kwÚm-tZhn X]Êv sN¿p-hm-\mbn D¯-c-Zn-i-bn-te¡v t]mIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ombbv¡v kwÚ-bpsS FÃm KpW-K-W-§fpw DWvS­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m kqcy\v Ombsb Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ Ign-ªn-Ã. Ime-{I-taW Omb Hcp Ip«nsb {]k-hn¨p B Ip«n-bmWv i\n. i\n-bpsS Idp¯ \ndw IWvS­v kqcy\v ZpxJhpw kwi-bhpw DWvS­­m-bn. i\nsb Xsâ aI-\mbn kzoI-cn-¡m³ At±lw X¿m-dm-bn-Ã. `À¯m-hnsâ s]cp-am-ä-¯n Ombbv¡v AXn-bmb ZpxJw tXm¶n. Omb kqcy-tZ-h-t\mSv \S¶ Imcy-§Ä Xpd¶v ]d-ªp. tZhm, i\nbpw A§-bpsS ]p{X-\m-Wv, Rm³ kwÚm-tZ-hn-bn \n¶pw D­WvSmb \ng Bb-Xp-sImWvS-­mWv Ip«n¡v Idp¸v \ndw h¶-Xv. IY-IÄ a\-Ên-em-¡n-sb-¦nepw kqcy\v Omb-tbmSpw i\n-tbmSpw Xosc Xm¸-cy-an-Ãm-Xmbn. hfsc Ah-K-W-\-IÄ ]nXm-hn \n¶pw kln¨v hfÀ¶-Xn-\m i\n \mÄ¡p-\mÄ IqSp-X {Iqc-kz-`m-hn-bmbn amdn. Hcn-¡Â kwÚ-bpsS ]p{X-\mb ba\v Ombm-tZ-hn-tbmSv GtXm Imcy-¯n ISp¯ tIm]w DWvS­mbn AXv \nb-{´WmXoX-am-b-t¸mÄ ba³ A½bv¡v Xpey-bmb Ombsb Imep-bÀ¯n sXmgn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tIm]m-Ip-e-bmb Omb bas\ i]n-¨p. \o t{]X-§-fpsS tZh-\m-I-s«-sb-¶v. Cu hnhcw Adnª kqcy-tZ-h\v Omb-tbm-SpÅ shdp¸v Cc-«n-¡p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. kqcy³ Xsâ ]p{X-t\ä im]s¯ Hcp hc-ambn XoÀ¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. CXp-sImWvS­pw
tIm]w AS-§mª kqcy-tZ-h³ ]I-cw i\n-tZ-hs\ i]n-¨p. FSm i\n \nsâ A½-bpsS s]cp-amäw Ft¸mgpw ]£-]m-X-]-c-am-Wv. \o Ah-fpsS aI³ Bb-Xn-\m {IqcX hÀ²n-¨n-cn-¡s« F¶v i]n-¡p-¶p. A¶p-ap-X-emWv i\n {Iqc-\mbn amdn-sb¶v IY-bpWvS-­v. i\n¡v {]mb-]qÀ¯n F¯n-b-t¸mÄ Nn{X-c-Ysâ ]p{Xnsb kqcy-tZ-h³ i\n¡v hnhmlw sNbvXv sImSp-¯p. Hcn-¡Â i\n [ym\-\n-a-á-\mbn Ccp-¶-t¸mÄ X\n¡v Hcp-]p-{Xs\ thW-sa¶pw AXn-\mbn A\p-{K-ln-¡-W-sa¶pw i\n-tbmSv ]Xv\n At]-£n-¨p. B{K-l-]qÀ¯n¡v Xm³ DS³ F¯m-sa¶pw i\n ]d-ªp-sh-¦nepw IrXy-ambn F¯m-¯-Xn\m ]Xv\n tIm]m-Ip-e-bmbn. A£-a-bmb AhÄ `À¯m-hns\ tXSn hcp-t¼mÄ i\ntZh³ [ym\-¯n ebn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-XmWv IWvS­-Xv. CXp-IWvS­ i\n]Xv\n¡v \nb-{´Ww hn«p AhÄ i\nsb i]n-¨p. C¶p-ap-X \n§-fpsS IpZrjvSn ]Xn-¡p¶ GsXm-cmfpw ZpxJ-I-c-amb PohnXw \bn-t¡-­WvSn-h-c-s«. FÃm-h-cnepw \n§-sf-¸än sXän-[m-c-W-aqew Bcpw \n§sf kvt\ln-¡m³ CS-bm-Im-Xn-cn-¡-s«. ZpxJn-X-\mb i\n adp-]Sn ]dªp tZhn Xm¦Ä C§s\ £asIS-cp-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. Cu temI¯v Fhn-sSbpw `àn-tb-¡mÄ kt´m-j-I-c-amb asäm-¶n-söv BÀ¡m-W-dn-bm-¯-Xv. B kabw Rm³ ]c{_lvas¯ a\-Êp-\n-dªv {]mÀ°n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. \ymb-amb Hcp Imc-W-an-Ãm-sX-bmWv tZhn C\n-ap-X {]]-©-kr-jvSn-I-fpsS \·-bv¡p-thWvS­n Rm³ Xe Ip\n-¨p-thWw \S-¡m³. AsÃ-¦n \nc-]-cm-[n-IÄt]mepw in£n-¡-s¸-«p-t]mbn F¶p-h-cpw. F{X IjvS-X-c-amWv B Ah-Ø.
`À¯m-hnsâ hm¡p-IÄ tI« i\n]Xv\n¡v \ncm-ibpw ZpxJhpw tXm¶n. Hcn-¡Â \ÂInb im]w Xncn-s¨-Sp-¡pI hnj-a-am-Wv. AhÄ \nÊ-l-mbbmbn \ne-sIm-­WvSp. CXp-aqew {]]-©-¯nse Poh-Pm-e-§-fpsS \·-bv¡p-th­WvSn {]b-Xv\n-¨n«pw i\n-`-K-hm\v Xe Ip\n-¨mWv F¶pw \S-t¡WvS-­n- h-cp-¶-Xv.
inh-\n \n¶pÅ hc-§Ä
AÑ-\nÂ\n¶v e`n¨ {Iqc-amb A\p-`-h-§Ä, A½sb \nÊ-lm-bm-h-Ø-bnÂ\n¶v Ic-I-b-äm³ Ign-bm-bvI, `mcy-bnÂ\n-¶pÅ thZ-\m-P-\-I-amb A\p-`-h-§Ä, F{X \· sNbvXmepw Xn·-bpsS hàm-sh¶ Ah-K-W-\, CsX-Ãmw-sImWvS­v \ncm-i-\mb i\n-tZ-h³ {io]-c-ta-iz-cs\ {]oXn-s¸-Sp-¯m³ Xocp-am-\n-¨p. AXn-\p-thWvS­n ITn-\-amb X]Êpw XpS-§n. ]Xn-\m-bn-c-¡-W-¡n\v hÀj-§Ä \oWvS­ D{K-amb X]-Êv. temIw apgp-h³ B ITn-\-X-]-Ênsâ NqtSäv `b-¶p. C{µ³ i\n-bpsS Cu X]Êv XIÀ¡m³ BhXv {ian-¨p. ]t£ i\n ]n·m-dn-bn-Ã. Ah-km\w {io]-c-ta-iz-c³ i\n-bpsS ap¶n {]Xy-£-s¸-«p.
aIs\ \nsâ X]-Ên Rm³ kw{]o-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. F´v hc-amWv th­WvSXv? Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-I………..
alm-tZ-hs\ ap¶n¡WvS­ i\n k´p-jvS-\m-bn. kmjvSmwKw \a-kv¡cn¨p. `b-`àn sIm­vWvS KZvK-Z-I-WvT-\mbn ]d-ªp.
`Khmt\! Hcp-Im-c-W-hp-an-ÃmsX Fsâ ]nXmhpw amXmhpw `mcybpw Fs¶ Gsd t{Zmln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. CXn-\Iw F\n-¡-\p-`-hn-t¡WvS-­n-h¶ IjvS-X-IÄ¡v IW-¡n-Ã. AXn-\m F\n¡v kqcy-tZ-h-s\-¡mÄ IqSpX ià-\m-I-Ww. Fs¶ hcw\ÂIn A\p-{Kn-ln-¨m-epw.
`K-hm³ ]d-ªp. aIt\! Rm³ \ns¶ kqcy-t\-¡mÄ ià-\m-¡mw. \n\¡v \h-{K-l-§-fn hfsc hyXy-kvX-amb Hcp Øm\-apWvS-­m-Ipw. \n\¡v CjvS-a-\p-k-cn¨v GsXm-cm-sfbpw c£n-¡m\pw in£n-¡m-\p-apÅ Ah-Imiw \ÂIp-¶p-­v. Ah-cpsS \Ã-{]-hÀ¯n-I-sfbpw No¯-{]-hÀ¯n-I-sfbpw IW-¡n-se-Sp¯v \n\-¡Xp sN¿mw. AXn-\m tZh·mcpw Ejn-amcpw KÔÀÆ-·mcpw cm£-k·mcpw a\p-jy-cp-saÃmw \ns¶ `b-`-àn-I-tfmsS F¶pw BZ-cn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv. C\n \ns¶ i\n-tZ-h³ F¶m-W-dn-b-s¸-Sp-I. C§s\ alm-tZ-hsâ A\p-{K-l-¯m i\n-{Klw i\n-tZ-h-\mbn amdn.

Gg-c-i\n
Hcm-fpsS PmX-I-¯n N{µ³ \n¡p¶ cminbpsS ]{´WvS-­n-epw, N{µ³ \n¡p¶ cmin-bnepw, AXnsâ c­WvSmw cmin-bnepw i\n k©-cn-¡p¶ Ime-s¯-bmWv Gg-c-È-\n-sb¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xv. ta¸-dª Hmtcm cmin-I-fnepw 2 1/2 hÀjw hoXw aq¶p cmin-I-fnepw IqSn BI-¸msS 7 1/2hÀjw \n¡p-¶-Xp-sIm-­WvS­mWv Gg-c-i-\n-sb¶p t]cp-h-cm-\n-S-bm-b-Xv.
Gg-c-i-\n-¡mew s]mXpsh HcmÄ¡v IjvS-Imew BsW¶v ]­WvtS­ {]kn-²-am-Wv. Cu Ggc-hÀj-¯n-\nS¡v i\n 12  \n¡p-¶-Xmb BZys¯ cWvS­-c-hÀj-¡m-e¯v PmX-I\p tcmKhpw A[nIw sNehpw a\-Ên\p Akzm-Øyhpw , Øm\-N-e-\hpw DWvS­m-Ipw.
Hcm-fpsS Pohn-X¯n km[m-c-W-bmbn aq¶p XhW Gg-c-i\n hcm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. CXn BZys¯ XhW an¡-hmdpw hfsc IjvS-§Ä-A-\p-`-hn-¸n-¡pw. c­WvSmas¯ XhW an¡-hmdpw PmX-I\v hen-b-tZmjw sN¿m-sX-Xs¶ Gg-c-i\n Ign¨pw AXp-sImWvS­v c­WvSm-as¯ Gg-c-i\n {]m-tbW \ncp-]-{Z-h-bm-Wv. aq¶m-as¯ Gg-c-i\n Ime¯v acWw kw`-hn-¡pI F¶Xv km[m-c-W-am-Wv. hfsc A]qÀÆw Bfp-IÄ am{Xta aq¶m-as¯ Gg-c-i\n¡¸-pdw Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bp-Åp.
P·cminbn i\n\n¶m ]{´­WvSmw cminbnepÅhÀ¡pw cWvS­mwcminbnepÅhÀ¡pw Ggc i\nbmWv. ]{´­WvSmw `mh¯nepÅhÀ¡v Ggci\nbpsS Bcw`hpw P·¯nepÅhÀ¡v Ggci\nbpsS a²yahpw cWvS­mw`mh¯nepÅhÀ¡v Ggci\nbpsS Ahkm\hpamIp¶p. Ggci\nbpsS BZys¯ cWvS­phÀjw PmXI\v am\knI AkzØXIfpw tcmK]oUIfpw A[nIsNehpw DWvS­mIpw. Ggc i\nbpsS a²yIme¯v Øm\Ne\hpw tcmKZpcnXhpw IpSpw_¯n kam[m\¡pdhpw DWvS­mIpw. Ggci\nbpsS Ahkm\Ime¯v [\\mihpw ]cmPbhpw DWvS­mIp¶p. F¶m A©phÀjt¯mfw Ggci\nbpsS ZpcnX A\p`hn¨ HcmÄ¡v Ahkm\s¯ cWvS­chÀjw A{XITn\w Bbncn¡pIbnÃ. A©phÀj¡mew `mKylm\n¡pw B]¯pIÄ¡pw Ccbm¡nbtijw Ahkm\s¯ cWvS­c hÀjw PmXIs\ kzmXznI\pw ip²\pam¡n amäp¶p.
IWvS­-I-i\n
N{µ-e-á-¯n \n¶pw 4, 7, 10 Cu Øm\-§-fn i\n k©-cn-¡p¶ Ime-amWv I­-WvSI-i\n F¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xv. CXv Gg-c-i\n t]mse A{X IjvS-a-Ã. I­-WvSI-i-\n-bpsS {][m-\-^ew Øm\-N-e-\-hpw, Ae-¨nepw D­WvSm-¡p-I-bm-Wv. CXn \memw Øm\¯pÅ I­WvS-I-i\n Ime¯v Xma-kn-¡p¶ ho«n \n¶pw asämcn-S¯p t]mbn ]mÀt¡WvS­n hcnI ]Xn-hm-Wv. imco-cn-Im-kzm-Øyhpw C¡m-e¯v DWvS­m-hpI km[m-c-W-am-Ip¶p.
Hcp \£{X¯n\v I­WvSIi\n F¶p]dbpt¼mÄ B \£{X¯nepÅ FÃmhÀ¡pw IWvS­Ii\nbpsS tZmj§Ä hcnIbnÃ. ImÀ¯nI, aIbncw, ]pWÀXw, D{Xw, Nn¯nc, hnimJw, D{XmSw, Ahn«w, ]qtcmcp«mXn XpS§nb \£{X§Ä c­WvSpIqdpIfnembn InS¡p¶hbmWv. AXn\m Cu \£{X¡mÀ¡v I­WvSIi\n tZmjw ]dbpt¼mÄ AhcpsS IqdpIqSn ]cntim[nt¡WvS­XmWv. NmchimepÅ I­WvSIi\n tZmj§Ä IW¡m¡p¶Xv Iqdns\ ASn Øm\am¡nbmWv.

AjvSai\n
P\n¨ Iqdn \n¶v F«mw`mh¯n i\n \n¡p¶ AhØbmWv AjvSai\n. AjvSa i\nbpÅ HcmÄ¡v ip`Imcy§Ä¡v XSÊw D­WvSmIpw F¶ÃmsX IqSpX Zpc A\p`h§Ä A\p`h¯n I­n«nÃ. ]¯mw `mh¯n i\n \n¶m k¼¯pw ]mÞnXyhpw BWv ^ew.

i\nZi
i\nZibv¡v I­WvSIi\nbpamtbm, Ggc i\nbpamtbm _ÔanÃ. I­WvSIi\nbpw, Ggc i\nbpw P\n¨ Iqdns\ ASnØm\am¡n ]dbpt¼mÄ i\nZi P\n¨ \£{Xs¯ ASnØm\am¡n ]dbp¶p. i\nZi ]s¯m³]XphÀjamWv Cu i\nZibn H³]Xv Zim\mY·mcpsS A]lmc§fpw A]lmc§fn hoWvS­pw On{Z§fpapWvS­v. HcmfpsS i\nZibn I­WvSIi\n, Ggc i\ntZmj§Ä hcpw i\n Hcp \£{X¯n ]s¯m³]Xv hÀj¡meamWv DÅXv. CXmWv i\nZi.
i\n-Z-im-^ew
CjvS-^-e-{]-Z–\mb i\n-bpsS Zi-bn `qan-em-`w, {Kmaw, kaqlw F¶n-h-bpsS B[n-]-Xyw, Irjn-bn-eqsS t\«w, `rXy-·mÀ, Zmk-·mÀ F¶n-h-cn \n¶v em`w F¶nh A\p-`-h-¯n hcpw. {]Xn-Iq-e-\mb i\n-bpsS Zi AXoh IjvS-{]-Z-am-bn-cn-¡pw. IS-_m-²yX, kÀÆ-Im-cy-]-cm-P-bw, Be-kyw, Dd-¡w, hr²-kv{Xn-I-fpw, \oN-kv{Xo-I-fp-ambn thgvN, tNmc-`-bw, AIm-e-\-c, AwK-`w-Kw, \oN-Ø-e-§-fn hmkw, Z´-tcm-K-§Ä, ]mZ-§-fn tcmKw, hntZ-i-hm-kw, Irjn \miw, `qan-\m-iw, Krl-\miw F¶n-h-sbms¡ A\p-`-h-¯n hcmw.
i\n-tZmj {]mb-Ýn-¯-§Ä

  • GsX-¦nepw ASp-¯pÅ i\o-iz-c-t£-{X-¯n i\n-bmgvN ZÀi\w \S-¯pI.
  • ]nXr-]q-P, i\n-`-K-hm\pw hfsc {]nb-s¸« ]qP-bmWv F¶v \mc-Z-alÀjn hnh-cn-¨n-«p-Å-Xmbn ]pcm-W-{K-Ù-§Ä ]d-bp-¶p.
  • ]nXr-¡-Ä¡mbn \nXyhpw Im¡bv¡v A¶w \ÂIp-¶Xpw, CXns\ Ønco-I-cn-¡p-¶p. Im¡ i\n-bpsS hml-\-am-Wv.
  • i\n-bmgvN D]-hm-k-an-cp¶v sshIpt¶cw i\n-`-K-hm-\p-thWvS­n ASp-¯pÅ i\o-iz-c-t£-{X-¯n Zo]w I¯n¨v hW-t§WvS-­-Xm-Ip-¶p.
  • i\n-bmgvN tXmdpw AwK-ssh-I-ey-ap-Å-hÀ, km[p-¡Ä F¶n-hÀ¡v hkv{X-Zm-\w, A¶-Zm\w F¶h \à ^e-ta-Ip-¶p.
  • FÅv IeÀ¶ tNmdv km[p-¡Ä¡v \ÂIp-I.
  • i\n-bm-gvN-I-fn sshIp-t¶cw ho«n Zo]w I¯n-¨p-sh-bv¡p-I.
  • \nXyhpw i\n-kvXp-Xnbpw i\n-Km-b-{Xnbpw P]n-¡p-I. \qän-sb«p XhW P]n-¡p-¶Xv hfsc D¯aw.
  • i\n-bmgvN Znhkw Ccp¼v -No-\-¨-«n-bn sa-gp-¡phc-«nbpw aäpw D­m¡n Ign-¡pI
  • i\n-bmgvN £ucw, ssaYp\w F¶nh Hgn-hm-¡pI
  • C{µ-\o-e-¡Ãv Ccp¼v tamXn-c-¯n [cn-¡p-I.
  • i\ntZmjw A[nIambn DÅhÀ i\oizc almlh\hpw i\oizc]qPbpw i\oizc t£{X§fn \S¯pI.

Ch-bn GXp ]cn-lm-chpw sNbvXmepw i\n `Khm³ kw{]o-X-\m-hp-¶p. Xsâ IÀ¯-hy-§sf \nÝ-b-ZmÀVy-t¯msS sN¿p-¶p-sh¶ Hä-¡m-c-Ww-sImWvS­v i\n {Iqc-\mb Hcp {Kl-am-sW¶v Bcpw Icp-X-cp-Xv. \½psS Zpcn-X-§Äs¡Ãmw ImcWw ]qÀÆ-P-· -]m-]-§-fm-sW¶v a\-Ên-em¡n ]Ým-¯m-]-¯m \s½ Xncp-¯n-bm£n-{]-{]-km-Zn-bmbn am¸p \ÂIn A\p-{Klw hÀjn-¡p-¶-h-\mWv i\n-`Khm³. AXp-sIm-­WvSmWv tPymXnjw \h-{K-l-§-fn i\nsb am{Xw i\o-iz-c³ F¶v hnti-jn-¸n¨v hW-§p-¶-Xv.

iialmtbmKw
i\nizc³ D¨\mtbmkzt£{Xhm\mtbm tI{µ¯n \n¶m iialmtbmKw kw`hn¡p¶p. iialmtbmK¯n P\n¨bmÄ cmPmthm, cmPa{´ntbm Bbpw. h\§fnepw ]ÀÆX§fnepw k©cn¡p¶Xn DÕmlapÅh\mbpw. At\Iw A\pNc·mÀ, ITn\_p²n, XÀ¡ioew, h©\m kmaÀ°yw, DZmcX, cu{Z§fmb I®pIÄ, tXPÊv, amXr`àn, iucyw, Idp¯\ndw, kpJm\p`h§Ä, PmehnZy ChtbmSpIqSnbpw Fgp]XphÀjw Pohn¨ncn¡pw.

i\n þ Zi-h-b-Ê-\p-k-cn¨v
1. Aiz-Xn, aIw, aqew 80 1/2 hbÊp apXÂ 19 hÀjw
2. `c-Wn, ]qcw, ]qcmSw 67 hbÊp apXÂ 19 hÀjw
3. ImÀ¯n-I, D{Xw, D{XmSw 54 apX 73 hb-Êp-hsc
4. tcmln-Wn, A¯w,Xncp-thmWw 46 apXÂ 65 hb-Êp-hsc
5. aI-bn-cw, Nn¯n-c,Ahn«w 37 1/2 apXÂ 56 1/2 hb-Êp-hsc
6. Xncp-hm-Xn-c, tNmXn,NXbw 25 apXÂ 44 hb-Êp-hsc
7.]p-WÀXw, hnim-Jw,]qcqcp«mXn 8 apXÂ 27 hbÊphsc
8. ]qbw, A\n-gw, D{X-«mXn P\\w apXÂ 9 1/2 hb-Êp-hsc
9. Bbn-eyw, Xrt¡-«, tchXn A\p-`-h-tbmKw \nÝ-b-a-Ã.

A¿¸\v i\oizca{´w D]tZin¨Xv hknjvT³

]cahninjvSamb {_Ò]Zw e`n¨ Ejoizc\mWv hknjvT alÀjn. hknjvTsâ {_ÒÀjn Øm\w X«nsbSp¡m³ hnizman{X³ {ian¨p. ]t£ \S¶nÃ. HSphn At±lw Hcp kmlk¯n\p apXnÀ¶p. {_ÒtemIs¯bmsI \in¸n¡pI. hnizman{X\pw \qdpa¡fpw tNÀ¶v {_ÒtemIs¯¯n hknjvTs\ DÄs¸sS _Ô\Ø\m¡n. Cu kabw AántZh³ “kÀÆ-h-Ã-tIm-ZÞw’ ImWn-¡p-Ibpw AXn \n¶p-bÀ¶ XoPzm-e-I-tfäv hnizm-an-{Xsâ 99 ]p{X·mcpw Nm¼-em-Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. A]-am-\n-X-\mb hnizm-an-{X³ sImSnb X]-Ên-teÀs¸-«p. Cu kabw hkn-jvT³ i\ntZht\ kvacn-¨p. hkn-jvTsâ ap¶n-se-¯nb i\n-tZ-hv. hkn-jvTs\ A\p-{K-ln-¡p-Ibpw ]c-a-hn-in-jvS-amb i\o-iz-c-a{´w D]-tZ-in-¨p. Cu a{´n-kn²n ssIh-¶m BÀ¡pw i\n tZmj-¯n \n¶pw c£-s]-Sm-sa-¶-dn-bn-¨p. AXn-\p-tijw hnizm-an-{X-t\m-SpÅ “\µn’-bmbn Ggc hÀjw Ign-bp-hm³ i\o-iz-c³ A{]-Xy-£-\mbn Cu ka-b¯v hnizm-an-{Xsâ X]Êp apS-¡p-hm³ tZh-{µ³ ta\-Isb Adn-bn-¨p. A§-s\-bn-cns¡ ]¼m \Zn-¡-c-bn aWn-I-WvT³ P\n-¨-t¸mÄ i\o-iz-c-a-{´-kn²n e`n¨ hkn-jvT³ AhnsS A{]-Xy-£-s¸«p aWn-I-WvTs\ hmcn-¸p-WÀ¶p.

A¿-¸³ `mhn-bn sNt¿WvS­ A\pjvTm\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw aäpw D]-tZ-in-¨p. i\n-tZmjw _m[n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-hm³ i\o-iz-c-a-{´hpw AXn-i-à-amb Imb-_ew t\Sp-¶-Xn\p thWvSn­ hnZy-Ifpw ]IÀ¶p-sIm-Sp-¯p. bphm-hm-bn-cns¡ aWn-I-WvT³ Hcn-¡Â hknjvT alÀjn-bpsS km¶n-²y-apÅ Bdm-«p-]pg t£{X-k-¶n-[n-bn-se¯n (Xr-ÈqÀ) hknjvT k¶n-[n-bn [ym\-\n-c-X-\m-bn-cp¶ aWn-IWvTsâ ap¶n hknjvT alÀjn {]Xy-£-s¸-«p. ap¼p-sIm-Sp¯ D]-tZ-i-§-sfÃmw HmÀ½n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw e£y-{]m-]vXn-¡p-tijw hkn-¡p-¶-Xn\v i_-cn-ae ImWn¨p sImSp-¯p. \n\¡p i\o-iz-c-a-{´-kn²n ssIh-¶-Xn-\m A`bw tXSn-sb-Sp¯ `àsc i\n tZmj-¯n \n¶pw c£-s¸-Sp-¯-W-sa¶pw D]-tZ-in-¨p. Cu D]-tZiw sImSp-¯Xv jjvTn-bpw, ]qbhpw H¶n¨p h¶-Zn-h-k-am-bn-cp-¶p. CX-ÃmsX i\o-iz-c\pw imkvXm-hp-ambpw aäp _Ô-§Ä H¶pw Xs¶- Im-Wp-¶n-Ã.

i\o tZmj-§Ä Ipd-bv¡m³ i\o-iz³ D]-tZ-in¨ D]m-b-§Ä

i\o-iz-c³ t{XmXm-bp-K-¯n aµ-c-bmbn Ah-X-cn¨p cmam-h-Xm-cs¯ klm-bn-¨p. C{]-Imcw c­WvSp P·§Ä Ignªv Ien-bp-K-¯n bpKm-[n-]-Xn-bmbn i\o-iz-c³ `qan-bn alm-hn-jvWp-hnsâ BÚ-{]-Imcw hkn-¡p-¶p. BtLm-c-amb iàn-bpÅ i\n `K-hm\v ]Xn-\mep temI-¯n-sâbpw DÅ kÀÆ-Po-hn-I-fnepw `bhpw, `ànbpw Df-hm-¡p-¶p. i\o-iz-c³ Ien-bp-K-¯n `qan-bn {]Xn-jvTn-X-\m-Im³ XpS-§p¶ kabw hknjvT ap\nbpsS BØm-\-amb Xncp-\-Ãm-dn F¯n, i\n-tZmjw C\n Gh-tcbpw ]qÀÆm-[nIw iàn-bmbn _m[n-¡p-sa-¶-dnª Ejn-amcpw tZh-Ifpw hkn-jvTs\ kao-]n¨v hnhcw [cn-¸n-¨p. hkn-jvT³ i\o-iz-cs\ [ym\n-¨p. i\o-iz-c³ {]Xy-£-s¸-«p. “”{_ÒÀjn-bmb hknjvT apt\ F´m-W-§-bpsS B{Klw?’ F¶p tNmZn-¨p. “”AÃtbm i\o-izcm tZh-·mcpw, Ejnamcpw A§v _m[n-¡p¶ Gg-c-bm­WvSv Ime¯v Xt]m-`wKw h¶v IjvS-X-I-f-\p-`-hn¨v e£y-¯n \n¶-I-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶p. At¸mÄ `qan-bn-epÅ km[m-cW P\-§Ä¡v A§-bpsS Zim-Imew A\p-`-hn-¡m³ hfsc {]bm-k-ta-dn-b-Xm-Ipw. A§-bpsS Zim-Im-e-¯nse IjvS-X-I-fn \n¶pw apàn t\Sm³ am\-h³ F´p sN¿-W-sa¶v D]-tZ-in-¨m-epw.” i\o-iz-c³ ]d-ªp. “”{_mÒ-]p-{X-\mb alm-apt\ tZh, Ejn-amÀ¡v A§-bpsS A\p{Kl¯mepw, D]-tZ-i-¯mepw Fsâ tZmjw amdn-In-«pw. F¶m `qan-bnse a\p-jyÀ¡v Fs¶ A{X-sb-fp¸w ]qPn-¡m-\m-hn-Ã. AXn\p Imc-W-apWvS-­v. Hcn¡Â ZpÀÆm-kmhp alÀjn \h-{Kl aÞ-e-¯n Ibdn X]Êp sNbvXp ImTn\yw \nan-¯w. {Kl-a-Þew \in-¨p-t]mIpw F¶-h-Ø-bmbn. Xt]m-i-àn-bm Aán-Pzm-e-IÄ DbÀ¶p. {Ktl-iz-c-·mÀ `b¶v kqcy-`-K-hms\ icWw {]m]n-¨p.

kqcysâ \nÀt±-i-{]-Imcw kqcy-]p-{X-\mb Rm³ B Aán-Pzm-e-Isf BKo-cWw sNbvXp. C¡m-c-W-¯m Fsâ ico-c-¯n Xo{h-amb DjvWhpw tIm]hpw \ndªp \n¡p-¶p. CXn-\m km[m-cW P\-§Ä¡v Fs¶ t\cn«p ]qPn-¡m-\m-hn-Ã. F¶m Fsâ aq¶mw P·-amb i\o-iz-\mbn Rm³ Ien-bp-K-¯n Fsâ B{K-l-{]-Imcw `qan-bnse Nne {]tXy-I Øe-§-fn (D-Zmþ sN¶n¯-ebn Cc-a-¯q-cnse \mS-I-imebn i\ntZh]pcw (tIcfw), Xncp\ÅmÀ (Xangv \mSv), i\n jnSv\m¸qÀ (almcmjv-{S) ) {]Xn-jvTn-X-\m-Ipw. AhnsS h¶v Fs¶ ZÀin-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v Fsâ tZmjw Ipd-ªn-cn-¡pw. aI-cw, Ipw`w XpS-§nb amk-§-fn Ft¶ D]m-kn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v Fsâ A\p-{Klw thKw km[y-am-Ipw. FsÅ®bv¡pw, FÅn\pw Fsâ NqSv Ipd-bv¡m³ km[n-¡pw. AXn-\m FsÅ® tX¨v Ipfn-¡p-I-bpw, FÅp Xncn I¯n-¡p-I-bpw, FŶw `pPn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXm Fsâ tZmjw Ipd-bv¡m-\m-Ipw. am\-hÀ¡v Fsâ km¶n²yw DÅ Øes¯ F¯n C{]-Imcw IÀ½-§Ä sNbvXv Fsâ tZmj-§Ä Ipd-bv¡m³ Ign-bpw. C{Xbpw AcpÄ sNbvX tijw i\o-iz-c³ A{]-Xy-£-\m-bn.

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